Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. It is known that there are about three hundred species of helminths in the world. Worms parasitize internal organs, affect them and cause various diseases.
Parasite eggs enter the human body in a number of ways.
- Exposure is one of the most common ways to enter the human body. Helminth infections are transmitted when the rules of personal hygiene are not observed (unwashed hands).
- Cysticercosis. The larvae enter soil or water with the feces of infected animals, or are transmitted by insects. Flies are the main carriers of disease. Alternatively, the source of entry is direct contact with an infected animal, through feces, saliva or wool.
- Biological filariasis. Infection occurs through the gastrointestinal tract through food. Worm eggs enter the body through unwashed vegetables, fruits and eggs. Inadequate heat processing of meat, fish and seafood also leads to infestation.
- transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through an insect bite.
Signs of the appearance of worms
You can determine the presence of the disease in a person by the following symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- bloating, flatulence;
- violations of the chairperson;
- allergic rash on the body;
- weight change;
- Chronic fatigue syndrome.
If these signs appear, you should immediately contact your doctor, they will issue a referral to do tests and diagnose the disease.
It is not possible to detect the presence of the disease immediately. The latent period can last for years. After diagnosis, the dewormer is prescribed by a specialist doctor who conducts a series of tests, determining the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. For each type of parasite, a specific course of treatment will be assigned. Self-medication in this case is contraindicated. In the acute form of the disease, the doctor appoints an infusion, injection.
Treatment with dewormers is not always effective, so the course of treatment is repeated after a few weeks. During treatment, a part of helminths dies and is excreted in the feces.
Treatment of worms takes an integrated approach, including immunotherapy and the use of antibacterial drugs. All family members should undergo a prophylactic course against helminthiasis.